- April 20, 2022
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What is periodontics and what does it involve?
Periodontics is a field of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth.
What are some common periodontal diseases?
Common periodontal diseases include gingivitis, periodontitis, gum recession, and advanced periodontitis.
What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?
Symptoms of periodontal disease can include bleeding gums, swollen or tender gums, bad breath, loose teeth, and changes in bite or tooth alignment.
How is periodontal disease diagnosed?
Periodontal disease is diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, dental X-rays, and measurements of the depth of spaces between the teeth and gums.
What are the risk factors for periodontal disease?
Risk factors for periodontal disease can include smoking, poor oral hygiene, genetics, certain medications, hormonal changes, and underlying health conditions such as diabetes.
Can periodontal disease be treated?
Yes, treatment options for periodontal disease include scaling and root planing (deep cleaning), antibiotics, laser therapy, and surgical procedures such as flap surgery or bone and tissue grafts.
Can periodontal disease lead to other health problems?
Research suggests that periodontal disease may be linked to other health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
How can periodontal disease be prevented?
Prevention measures for periodontal disease include practicing good oral hygiene, quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, managing stress, and seeing your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings.
Is periodontal disease more common in certain populations?
Periodontal disease is more common in older adults, men, smokers, and those with lower income or education levels.
Can periodontal disease be inherited?
Genetics can play a role in the development of periodontal disease, and some people may be more susceptible to the condition due to inherited factors.