Emergency Help! 7010650063
  1. Home
  2. Oral Health

What you can do for a healthy mouth

Healthy habits can equal a healthy mouth. Here are some oral health tips to get you started:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day
  • Floss every day
  • Visit your dentist for a dental exam and cleaning at least every 6 months, or as recommended
  • Check your gums to make sure they’re pink and that the gum line hugs teeth tightly. Your gums should not bleed when you brush.
  • Stop smoking. Smoking puts you at risk for oral cancer and infection.

 Do you have questions about a specific oral health issue? Call your dentist to set up an appointment.

Common Oral Conditions

There are many oral conditions that affect both children and adults. Some conditions are minor, while others can result in more serious oral health complications over time.

Common oral conditions include, but are not limited to:

  • Bruxism — a condition that results in excessive grinding of the teeth, typically during sleep.
  • Bad Breath — also called halitosis, which is characterized by chronic bad breath.
  • Dry Mouth — also called xerostomia, which is when the salivary glands do not produce enough saliva.
  • Toothaches — pain near or in a tooth, usually caused by tooth decay or an abscess.
  • Cracked Teeth — minor to severe cracks in teeth that are caused by an injury, bruxism, or other factors.
  • Tooth Sensitivity — when a tooth is sensitive to hot, cold, or sweet substances.
  • Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction — a condition that results in extreme jaw pain.
  • Mouth Breathing — when a person regularly breathes through his or her mouth, often while sleeping.
  • Gum Recession — when the gums begin to wear away or pull back from the teeth, resulting in more exposure of a tooth and/or the tooth’s root.
  • Burning Mouth — a regular burning and/or tingling sensation in the mouth.
  • Gingival Hyperplasia — the overgrowth of gum tissue around a patient’s teeth.

If you have questions about any of these dental issues, you can always talk with your dentist or dental hygienist at your Aspen Dental practice about it.

Bad Breath

Causes of halitosis, or bad breath, include infrequent brushing and flossing, gum disease, dry mouth, smoking, and diet. You can combat chronic halitosis by using a tongue scraper, chewing sugarless gum, gargling with mouthwash, and drinking plenty of water. Always follow good oral hygiene guidelines, which include regular brushing and flossing.

  • Did you know? Halitosis is the third most frequent reason for seeing a dentist, after tooth decay and periodontal diseases.


A cavity is a hole in the tooth caused by decay. Cavities occur after decay has worn away the tooth enamel. The best way to prevent tooth decay and cavities is by brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist regularly. Eat healthy foods and avoid foods and beverages high in sugar. Learn more about cavities here.

Dry Mouth

Saliva is needed to help protect against cavities by washing away food debris and controlling bacteria in your mouth. Dry mouth is caused by the reduced flow of saliva. Symptoms of dry mouth include hoarseness, persistent sore throat, problems swallowing, and dry nasal passages. Certain medications and diseases can cause dry mouth. Smoking or chewing tobacco can aggravate dry mouth conditions.

  • Your dental hygienist and dentist can recommend strategies and products to help combat dry mouth.

Gum Disease

Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, can cause your gums to bleed or become infected, swollen, or tender. If the bacteria starts to affect the bone around your teeth, it can cause your teeth to loosen; this is irreversible. Gingivitis, the early stage of periodontal disease, is usually painless, which means you may not be aware that you have it.

If you have any of these symptoms, contact your Aspen Dental practice to schedule a dental exam.

  • Did you know? Gum disease is the #1 cause of adult tooth loss in the U.S.


The temporomandibular joint connects the lower jaw to the bone on each side of the head and is stabilized by muscles that make it possible to open and close the mouth. Severe pain, discomfort, or tenderness in or around the joint is called TMJ or TMD disorder. Common symptoms of TMJ disorder include:

  • Tenderness or pain in the face, jaw, and ear
  • Chewing difficulty or discomfort
  • Headaches
  • Painful clicking of the jaw
  • Difficulty opening or closing the mouth
  • Locking jaw or teeth that don’t come together properly while biting or chewing

If you think you may have a TMJ disorder, contact your Aspen Dental practice. Learn more about TMJ here.

Tooth Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity is very common and is often triggered by hot or cold beverages and foods, as well as sweets. Some people also notice sensitivity from brushing or flossing. It is often treated with fluoride treatments that can help strengthen the enamel and decrease your sensitivity. Also, ask your dentist or hygienist about toothpaste made especially for sensitive teeth.

Tooth Erosion

Tooth erosion is the wearing away of tooth enamel by acid. If erosion is left untreated, it can cause pain, weakening of the tooth structure, tooth fractures, and tooth loss. To protect against tooth erosion, brush with a soft toothbrush and fluoridated toothpaste, floss regularly, have regular dental cleanings and check-ups, and avoid sugary foods. Also, try using a straw when drinking carbonated beverages or other sweet drinks, such as natural fruit juices, which are very acidic and can wear away tooth enamel.


Smokers and tobacco users are at greater risk of developing oral cancer and gum disease. In addition, tobacco products cause permanent stains, which cannot be removed by brushing, and it can also cause a heavy build-up of tartar, requiring more frequent dental cleanings.

Dental Care Treatment Options

Depending on needs and the severity of an oral condition or disease, there are many different dental specialists to choose from:

General Dental Care

General dentists are the “go-to” for preventive procedures and treatments.

Unlike specialists, general dentists do not specialize in one specific area of dentistry. They offer direct and indirect restorations, fillings, sealants, routine teeth cleanings, x-rays, and fluoride treatment for people of all ages.

Specialty Dental Care

Rather than providing a wide range of services, dental specialists focus on one area of dentistry. Specialists include endodontists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, orthodontists, and periodontists.

Pediatric Dental Care

Pediatric dentists specialize in treating babies and children into adolescence.

Babies should begin seeing a pediatric dentist around 1 year of age or within six months of their first tooth eruption. Doing so helps prevent baby tooth decay and cavities.

Orthodontic Dental Care

Orthodontists are experts in teeth straightening.

They help those with malocclusion (misaligned or crooked teeth. They provide braces, clear aligners, and headgear.

Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic dentists provide treatments that improve the appearance of your smile. Teeth whitening, veneers, implants, crowns, and bridges are some of the most common cosmetic treatments.