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  • Cracked tooth: This is when a crack runs from the biting surface of the tooth down towards the root. Sometimes it goes below the gum line and into the root. A cracked tooth is not split into two parts but the soft, inner tissue of the tooth is usually damaged.
  • Craze lines: These are tiny cracks that affect only the outer enamel of the tooth. They are common in all adult teeth and cause no pain. Craze lines need no treatment.
  • Cracked cusp: The cusp is the pointed part of the biting surface of the tooth. If a cusp becomes damaged, the tooth may break. You will usually get a sharp pain in that tooth when biting.
  • Split tooth: This is often the result of an untreated cracked tooth. The tooth splits into two parts. Vertical root fractures are cracks that start in the root and go up towards the biting surface.

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Why do teeth crack?

Many things can cause teeth to crack, such as:

  • Extreme tooth grinding, which can put the teeth under enormous pressure.
  • Large fillings that weaken the tooth.
  • Chewing or biting on something hard: for example ice, boiled sweets, fruit stones or meat bones.
  • A blow to the chin or lower jaw.
  • Gum disease, if there has been bone loss. This could make the teeth more likely to suffer from root fractures.
  • Sudden changes in mouth temperature.

How can I tell if I have a cracked tooth?

The signs can be difficult to spot and the symptoms will vary. You may get pain from time to time when you are chewing, especially when you release the biting pressure. Extreme temperatures, especially cold, may cause discomfort. Or you may be sensitive to sweetness, but with no signs of decay. A small area of the gum near the affected tooth may swell.

If the pain is severe, take pain relief like you would normally take for a headache. Always check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medication.

Why don’t cracks show up on a dental x-ray?

Unfortunately, dental x-rays sometimes don’t show up the cracked tooth. This is because the x-ray beam must be parallel to the crack before it can penetrate it.

However, sometimes other signs of a crack may show up. With a vertical root fracture, if the crack has been there long enough, vertical bone loss near to the root can be seen. Your dentist may use a bright light or a magnifying glass to find the crack. They may also use a special dye to follow the course of the crack.

Will I need to have treatment?

Yes. It is important to get advice as soon as possible to help the treatment be more effective. If they are not treated, cracked teeth can lead to the death of the nerve, and an abscess might grow. The tooth could need root canal treatment or even taking out. In severe cases the tooth can actually split in two. If this happens your dentist will not be able to save the tooth and it will need to be taken out.

Will I lose my tooth?

In some cases the tooth may need to be taken out, but not always. So it is important to get advice as soon as possible.

How are cracked teeth fixed?

The type of treatment depends on the amount of damage to the tooth. Ask your dental team what is the best treatment for you:

  • Bonding: This is when a plastic resin is used to fill the crack. It can easily repair a small chip off the biting edge of the tooth. Bonding can restore the shape of the tooth.
  • Cosmetic contouring: This is done when the chip is very small. The rough edges of the tooth are rounded and polished to blend away the crack.
  • Veneers: These are ideal when there is still a fair amount of tooth remaining, because they are long lasting and need the least amount of tooth removing first. A veneer is a thin layer of porcelain or plastic material made to fit over the front surface of the tooth. Click here for more information about veneers.
  • Crowns: These are used for a tooth that is not suitable for a veneer. A crown fits over what is left of the tooth, making it strong and giving it the appearance of a natural tooth. If the nerve has been damaged and becomes infected you may need to have root canal treatment first. This involves removing all infection from the root canal. The root is then cleaned and filled to prevent any further infections. The tooth would then be fitted with a crown to give it extra support. Click here for more information about crowns.

After treatment for a cracked tooth, will my tooth completely heal?

Unlike broken bones, the crack in a tooth will never heal completely. After treatment, a crack may get worse and you could still lose the tooth. It is still important that you get treatment, because most cracked teeth can work normally for years after treatment. Your dental team will be able to tell you more about your particular problem and recommend a treatment.

Can I stop my teeth cracking?

Not altogether, but there are some precautions you can take:

  • Wear a mouthguard: If you grind your teeth at night, have a night-guard made to protect your teeth. If you play sports, wear a custom-made mouthguard.
  • Avoid biting or chewing on hard objects.

How much will my treatment cost?

The cost will vary depending on what treatment you need. There may be extra costs if there are complications and you need more treatment. Ask your dental team for a treatment plan and a written estimate before you start treatment.

Cracked Tooth: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

What is a Cracked Tooth?

A cracked tooth is a common dental problem that occurs when there is a small crack or fracture in the tooth. These cracks can occur for a variety of reasons, including trauma, biting down on hard objects, or grinding your teeth.

Symptoms of a Cracked Tooth

The symptoms of a cracked tooth can vary depending on the severity of the crack. Some common symptoms include:

  • Pain while chewing or biting down
  • Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures
  • Visible crack or line on the affected tooth
  • Swollen gums around the affected tooth

Treatment Options for a Cracked Tooth

The treatment options for a cracked tooth depend on the severity and location of the crack. Some common treatment options include:

  • Dental Bonding: For minor cracks, dental bonding can be used to reinforce the tooth and prevent further damage.
  • Dental Crown: If the crack is more severe, a dental crown may be necessary to protect the tooth and restore its function.
  • Root Canal: If the crack extends into the pulp of the tooth, a root canal may be necessary to remove the damaged tissue and prevent infection.
  • Tooth Extraction: In severe cases where the tooth cannot be saved, extraction may be necessary to prevent further damage or infection.

Preventing Cracked Teeth

There are several steps you can take to prevent a cracked tooth, including:

  • Avoiding hard or crunchy foods
  • Wearing a mouthguard during sports or other high-impact activities
  • Not using your teeth as tools to open packages or bottles
  • Practicing good oral hygiene to maintain the health of your teeth and gums

Why Choose Us for Your Cracked Tooth Treatment?

  • Expertise: Our team of dental professionals has extensive knowledge and experience in diagnosing and treating cracked teeth.
  • State-of-the-Art Technology: We use the latest technology and techniques to provide the best possible care for our patients.
  • Personalized Care: We take the time to listen to our patients’ concerns and goals and develop customized treatment plans tailored to their unique needs.
  • Commitment to Excellence: We are committed to providing our patients with the highest quality care and helping them achieve optimal oral health.

Contact Us Today for Your Cracked Tooth Treatment

If you suspect you have a cracked tooth or are experiencing any symptoms, contact us today to schedule an appointment with one of our experienced dental professionals. We are dedicated to providing you with the best possible care and helping you achieve a healthy, beautiful smile.

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